Selected Readings

A selection of recent noteworthy publications in science, technology, education and innovation policy, and related areas.

 

bridges vol. 32, December 2011 / Selected Readings
 


Selected Readings in:
Climate Change & Global Warming
Energy
Innovation

 

Climate Change & Global Warming
WRR_2010_11_cover_small.jpgWorld Resources Report 2010-2011World Resources Report 2010–2011: Decision Making in a Changing Climate
United National Development Program, United National Environment Program, World Bank World Resources Institute, 2011

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From the Executive Summary: World Resources 2010–2011 is a joint publication of the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Environment Programme, the World Bank, and the World Resources Institute. It focuses on how national governments, particularly those of developing countries, can make effective decisions in a changing climate. The ways in which governments anticipate and respond to the short- and long-term risks posed by climate change can have lasting consequences for the future of their countries. Even though many adaptation activities are led and implemented by local governments and communities, national-level decisions play key roles in enabling local and private-sector adaptation efforts, especially by providing information and guidance.
Geoengineering for decision makers_small.jpgGeoengineering for Decision MakersGeoengineering for Decision Makers
Robert L. Olson
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2011

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From the Executive Summary: Geoengineering involves intentional, large-scale interventions in the Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, soils, or living systems to influence the planet’s climate. Geoengineering is not a new idea. Speculation about it dates back to at least 1908, when Swedish scientist Svente Arrhenius suggested that the carbon dioxide released from burning fossil fuels might help prevent the next ice age. Until recently, proposals for using geoengineering to counteract global warming have been viewed with extreme skepticism, but as projections concerning the impact of climate change have become more dire, a growing number of scientists have begun to argue that geoengineering deserves a second look.
Nano_small.jpgNanotechnology: A Policy PrimerNanotechnology: A Policy Primer
John F. Sargent, Jr.
Congressional Research Service, 2011

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From the Summary: Nanoscale science, engineering, and technology – commonly referred to collectively as nanotechnology – are believed by many to offer extraordinary economic and societal benefits. Congress has demonstrated continuing support for nanotechnology and has directed its attention primarily to three topics that may affect the realization of this hoped-for potential: federal research and development (R&D) in nanotechnology; US competitiveness; and environmental, health, and safety (EHS) concerns. This report provides an overview of these topics – which are discussed in more detail in other CRS reports – and two others: nanomanufacturing and public understanding of and attitudes toward nanotechnology.  

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