bridges vol. 27, October 2010 / OpEds & Commentaries
By Alexander Ochs
It all started so nicely. The hope for change that Barack Obama had raised among American voters was felt by citizens worldwide, including those yearning for a change in US environmental policy. After all, Obama had made global warming and energy policy important cornerstones of his campaign. Once in the White House, the newly elected President explained that "few challenges facing America - and the world - are more urgent than combating climate change" and that his "presidency will mark a new chapter in America's leadership on climate change." Repeatedly he stressed that "the nation that wins this competition [for new energy technologies] will be the nation that leads the global economy." What's left, as we approach mid-term elections in Obama's first administration, is a very mixed bag. There have been important successes, including over $60 billion that were earmarked for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009; the first tightening of Corporate Average Fuel Efficiency standards in three decades; and the federal Environmental Protection Agency 's "Endangerment Finding" that recognizes, as a follow-up of the Supreme Court ruling Massachusetts et al. vs. EPA, that the agency has the right to regulate greenhouse gases as air pollutants under the Clean Air Act. To the great disappointment of the environmentalists, however, comprehensive climate and energy legislation, including a market-based system with mandatory economy-wide emission targets as well as strong incentives for the employment of energy efficiency measures and renewable energy technologies, has not been passed.
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Valérie LaTraverse Deputy Director of Stakeholder Relations and Communications Trade Negotiations Division Department of Foreign Affairs…