GEMI - The Global Environmental Management Initiative

U.S. Graduate Education and the Ph.D. Degree

by Caroline Adenberger

The Bologna Process, which aims to standardize graduate studies of the member states of the European Union (EU) by 2010, is well underway. One of its declared goals is to reshape the different doctoral programs of the EU member states into a uniform, four-year doctoral program. The U.S. doctoral education serves as one of the models for the ongoing discussion about the future European doctoral degree.


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